Saṃdhyā is the yoga practiced at the three junctures of the day: dawn, midday, and twilight.  Saṃdhyā is the traditional Indian Sun Salutation, involving gestures, offerings, vocalizations, breathing techniques, bodily cleansings, postures, and concentration points.  Saṃdhyā Yoga offers a free interpretation and spontaneous combination of such yoga techniques.​

saṃdhyā yoga

Yoga Gives us the Self Confidence and Awareness to Enjoy our Lives

I research the social history of the chair as compared to the yoga mat.  Chair-usage and chairlessness defines social space, task-performance, and personal habit.  In the 'West' over the past five millennia, we have organized our lives from the place of the chair's rigid form.  The chair has sculpted our sedentary posture, causing a plethora of health-problems. The eminent endocrinologist James Levine in fact stated: "The chair is out to kill us."  However in the Indian subcontinent, where yoga originated, cultures have rejected the chair as an organizer of social space and personal habit.  India and the 'West' have interacted via trade, migration/invasion, and travel consistently over the last five millennia, yet cultures in the Indian subcontinent never acculturated to chair-usage.

At present in the 'West', 'Indian'-inspired phenomena such as yoga, Gandi-like sit-ins, and painters who reject the easel à la Jackson Pollock evidence a growing movement against the chair.   Simultaneously, as a result of British colonialism and the growth of the IT industry, traditional Indians are beginning to use the chair for tasks and habits previously performed chairless.  How will such transformations affect the biological, social, and spiritual bodies of both populations?

I have traced the history of such chair-usage and chairlessness over the last five millennia and have composed a series of publications and workshops to illustrate a history of sedentary living-practices.  I also organize onsite yoga classes for businesses and governmental organizations here in the City of Portland.

Ultimately, I hope to help others learn how to sit with awareness.  Humans will always feel the need to sit, and thus it seems primary to eradicate the chair's rigid form as a sculptor of our sedentary posture.  By sitting chairless, we immediately enable our bodies to adjust freely, to gain flexibility, and to strengthen internally.  Individuals consequently shift from passive and unconscious sitters to actively engaged ones.  The health benefits are endless.

For information about my research, publications, or workshops, please call 503.380.7427 or email


Publications & Workshops

saṃdhyā yoga